Uzbekistan is the second-largest producer of CO2 (about 110 million tonnes of CO2 per year) in Central Asia, after Kazakhstan. Uzbekistan‘s continental climate leads to high energy consumption from residential heating, especially in badly insulated rural houses. As part of the government’s Rural Housing Programme, more than 10,000 new houses are built annually. This programme uses three standard designs: 3-, 4- and 5-bedroom rural houses. In light of this, the Ministry of Economy of the Republic of Uzbekistan requested the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Department at the Institute of Energy and Automation to develop sets of energy efficiency measures for 3-, 4- and 5-bedroom rural houses. However, the Institute of Energy and Automation doesn’t have any methodology for analysing or evaluating the energy efficiency of the housing designs to be used for rural housing. Therefore this collaborative project aimed to develop measures to improve energy efficiency and thermal comfort in typical rural houses in Uzbekistan on the basis of practical experience gathered in Germany.
The project acquired technical knowledge from the Institute for Building Climatology of the Technical University of Dresden on energy efficiency and thermal comfort analysis methods by working on two real buildings. The strategic aim was to offer Uzbek families a more sustainable alternative that will help them improve their living conditions and avoid excessive energy consumption in their houses. Providing solutions for thermally comfortable and energy-efficient houses to the people of the Uzbek regions will increase their motivation for regional development and promote climate protection and reduced energy consumption. The ultimate aim of this project was to acquire specialist knowledge about these solutions and transfer it to the rural housing sector. A second objective was to disseminate energy-efficient methods and solutions to similar regions in Uzbekistan.